Screening Tests in Pregnancy – Infectious Diseases

Infectious diseases.

The test for infectious diseases is one sample of blood taken at the booking appointment with consent.

The results are usually given to you at your next antenatal appointment, unless earlier action is needed. In this case you are usually asked to attend an earlier appointment.

If you do have one of these diseases you will be redirected to specialist obstetric care.

Hepatitis B

This is a virus that affects the liver. It can be transmitted in the blood and body fluids. Usually via sexual contact and infected needles. It can cause immediate and long term ill health. The virus can be passed on to the baby during birth and birth procedures. If a pregnant mother has Hepatitis B then the midwife and obstetrician can take measures to reduce the chance of the virus being passed on to the baby. Including avoiding certain procedures during labour and vaccinating the baby through his or her first year of life.

HIV

This is a virus that is transmitted in the blood and in body fluids. Usually via sexual contact and infected needles. This virus can also be passed on from mother to baby during pregnancy, birth and breastfeeding. Treatment during pregnancy can reduce the chance of passing it on form 25% to less than 0.05%

Syphillis

This is an infection that can be passed on from mother to baby during pregnancy or birth. If left untreated it can cause serious health problems for both mother and baby. It can also result in miscarriage or stillbirth. It can be easily treated with antibiotics.

For further information please discuss with your midwife or obstetrician.

 

Information on infectious disease screening also available on

NHS Screening tests for you and your baby

Antenatal Results and Choices

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